Airplane Boneyards and Storage Facilities
Commercial airliners and military aircraft have limited lifespans. Some are temporarily removed from flying status, and must be stored in a environment that is conducive to preservation. Others are kept as spare parts for flying aircraft.
Eventually, as airframes wear out and economics change, all aircraft are removed permanently from service and must be scrapped at an "airplane boneyard".
Military Aircraft Boneyards in the United States
The United States manufactured about 294,000 aircraft for the World War II effort. Once peace was assured, the U.S. military had a huge surplus of aircraft. By the summer of 1945, sales-storage depots, or "aircraft boneyards", were in operation to deal with nearly 120,000 surplus aircraft.
If a plane was not sold at boneyards such as those at Kingman AAF, Cal-Aero Field/Ontario, or Walnut Ridge AAF, it was stripped of classified information, sliced up with guillotines, and melted in smelters into ingots. Thousands of military planes had been scrapped by 1947.
Newer aircraft such as the B-29 Superfortress were held in long-term storage for future recall to active duty during the Korean War and the Cold War.
Today, surplus U.S. military planes are stored in the largest airplane boneyard in the world, operated by the 309th Aerospace Maintenance and Regeneration Group AMARG at Davis-Monthan Air Force Base in Tucson.
Commercial Airliner Boneyards and
Airliner "boneyards" in the deserts of the western United States serve several functions: temporary storage, maintenance, parts reclamation, and scrapping.
To protect airliners during their storage from wind and sun damage, engines and windows are tightly covered with white, reflective materials. Eventually, all airliners are removed permanently from service and are scrapped for parts and materials.
Even the Boeing 747, the "Queen of the Skies", sometimes meets the boneyard, as are the last of the United Airlines 747 fleet being ferried to SCLA in Victorville in 2017.
This website includes coverage of several major storage, maintenance and disposal facilities for commercial airliners, such as those at the Southern California Logistics Airport in Victorville and the Mojave Air and Space Port in the California desert.
We added new photos in May of 2017 and updated our section about the Pinal Air Park in Arizona.
A list and map of major airliner storage boneyards is also provided as well as a review of boneyards in the U.K., Spain, France, Australia and around the world.
About This Site
This website is an online resource about the facilities engaged in the storage, reclamation and disassembly of aircraft.
We do not own or operate an airplane boneyard, or have an affiliation with any boneyard, the Department of Defense, or any aviation museum.
We do not offer tours, and we do not own aircraft or maintain a parts inventory.
As Air Force, Navy and Marine planes become obsolete and need to be disposed of, or saved for future return to service, they are stored in the largest airplane boneyard in the world, in the Arizona desert.
The storage facility is operated by the 309th Aerospace Maintenance and Regeneration Group AMARG at Davis-Monthan Air Force Base in Tucson.
More about AMARG »
Jetliners eventually reach end-of-life due to airframe wear and/or obsolescence. Some jetliners are temporarily taken off flying status, and must be stored in a environment that is conducive to preservation. Others are kept for spare parts for flying aircraft, and eventually scrapped. Most of these airliner boneyards are located in Arizona and California.
Airliner boneyards »
Once peace was assured after WWII, the military found itself with a huge surplus of aircraft. Following the war, estimates of the number of excess surplus airplanes ran as high as 150,000. Consideration was given to storing a substantial number of airplanes, but the realization that the expense to store them was too great ... many needed to be sold or scrapped.
Post-WWII boneyards »
Virtually all airplane boneyards and storage facilities are limited access sites. Boneyards typically do not allow visitors and do not provide tours. We encourage potential visitors to check with individual sites to learn about access policies and tours, and avoid restricted areas. The largest boneyard in the world, at Davis-Monthan AFB in Tucson, does allow tours of its AMARG facility.
Visiting/touring boneyards »